• Mystery AI Just Crushed the Best Human Players at Poker this is WITHOUIT machines learning to face-read humans..imagine if that ability (or partial ability I shoudl say) were ADDED
    Another game just fell to the machines.
    Yesterday, after 20 days of play at a casino in Pittsburgh, an AI
    built by two Carnegie Mellon researchers officially defeated four top
    players at no-limit Texas Hold 'Em—a particularly complex form of
    poker that relies heavily on longterm betting strategies and game
    theory. Over the past twenty years, machines have topped the best
    humans at checkers, chess, Scrabble, Jeopardy!, and even the ancient
    game of Go. But no AI had ever beaten the best at such an extreme game
    of "imperfect information," a game where certain elements, such as the
    cards on the table, are hidden. Among humans, no-limit Hold 'Em
    requires a certain degree of intuition, not to mention luck.
        'We’re playing against each other. But we’re also trying to win
        for the humans.'
    Carnegie Mellon professor Tuomas Sandholm and grad student Noam Brown
    designed the AI, which they call Libratus, Latin for "balance." Almost
    two years ago, the pair challenged some top human players with a
    similar AI and lost. But this time, they won handily: Across 20 days
    of play, Libratus topped its four human competitors by more than $1.7
    million, and all four humans finished with a negative number of chips.
    Yes, poker is just a game. But the game theory exhibited by Libratus
    could help with everything from financial trading to political
    negotiations to auctions, says University of Michigan professor
    Michael Wellman, who specializes in game theory and closely follows
    the world of AI poker. In no-limit Hold 'Em, players aren't
    necessarily trying to win each small hand. They're trying to win the
    most money, and that means developing betting strategies that play out
    over dozens of hands. A machine that masters no-limit Texas Hold 'Em
    mimics the kind of human intuition these strategies require.
    According to the human players that lost out to the machine, Libratus
    is aptly named. It does a little bit of everything well: knowing when
    to bluff and when to bet low with very good cards, as well as when to
    change its bets just to thrown off the competition. "It splits its
    bets into three, four, five different sizes," says Daniel McAulay, 26,
    one of the players bested by the machine. "No human has the ability to
    do that."
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    So far, Sandholm has been coy about the particulars of how Libratus
    operates, but he has promised to share details in the days to
    come. The human players—who along with McAulay include Dong Kim, Jason
    Les, and Jimmy Chou—believe that the machine's play changed from day
    to day. If they ever felt they'd found a hole in its strategy, the
    hole would close. "It seemed to learn what we were doing and exploit
    it," McAuley said. Sandholm and Brown may have worked to change the
    machine's behavior from day to day, as they did when their earlier AI,
    Claudiro, went up against human players nearly two years ago. But the
    machine may also have learned from the match as it played out.
    If it seems unfair that the Carnegie Mellon researchers may have
    altered the machine between rounds, consider that the human players
    also used every tactic at their disposal. Though the game was heads-up
    Hold 'Em—meaning each player was playing his own game against the
    machine—they would share strategies in the evenings. "We spend a
    couple of hours conferring every night," McAuley said. "We're playing
    against each other. But we're also trying to win for the humans."
  • Primordial black holes may have helped to forge heavy elements August 4, 2017
    "Small black holes produced in the Big Bang can invade a neutron star and eat it from the inside," Fuller explained. "In the last milliseconds of the neutron star's demise, the amount of ejected neutron-rich material is sufficient to explain the observed abundances of heavy elements."

    "As the neutron stars are devoured," he added, "they spin up and eject cold neutron matter, which decompresses, heats up and make these elements."

    This process of creating the periodic table's heaviest elements would also provide explanations for a number of other unresolved puzzles in the universe and within our own Milky Way galaxy.

    "Since these events happen rarely, one can understand why only one in ten dwarf galaxies is enriched with heavy elements," said Fuller. "The systematic destruction of neutron stars by primordial black holes is consistent with the paucity of neutron stars in the galactic center and in dwarf galaxies, where the density of black holes should be very high."

    In addition, the scientists calculated that ejection of nuclear matter from the tiny black holes devouring neutron stars would produce three other unexplained phenomenon observed by astronomers.

    "They are a distinctive display of infrared light (sometimes termed a "kilonova"), a radio emission that may explain the mysterious Fast Radio Bursts from unknown sources deep in the cosmos, and the positrons detected in the galactic center by X-ray observations," said Fuller. "Each of these represent long-standing mysteries. It is indeed surprising that the solutions of these seemingly unrelated phenomena may be connected with the violent end of neutron stars at the hands of tiny black holes."

  • Viewpoint: Causality in the Quantum World Jacques Pienaar, International Institute of Physics, Lagoa Nova, Natal - RN, 59078-970, Brazil July 31, 2017• Physics 10, 86 A new model extends the definition of causality to quantum-mechanical systems.
    Several research groups, including mine, are still exploring a range of alternative quantum causal theories. But the new model by Allen and colleagues is the first to meet all requirements of a quantum causal model, providing a uniquely quantum definition of causality. Thanks to results like this, we may find that quantum mechanics has a causal interpretation, just like classical mechanics. We might also reveal the mechanisms that are behind observed correlations and pinpoint the interventions that manipulate such mechanisms. In a few words, this would amount to bringing back some cause-effect “intuition” into the spooky and bizarre world of quantum mechanics.
    This research is published in Physical Review X.
  • How Quantum Physics Is About to Revolutionize Biochemistry Chemists have largely ignored quantum mechanics. But it now turns out that this strange physics has a huge effect on biochemical reactions. August 1, 2017
    The worlds of chemistry and indistinguishable physics have long been thought of as entirely separate. Indistinguishability generally occurs at low temperatures while chemistry requires relatively high temperatures where objects tend to lose their quantum properties. As a result, chemists have long felt confident in ignoring the effects of quantum indistinguishability.....In short, Fisher and Radzihovsky are turning chemistry on its head. The key question behind this new thinking is whether quantum properties can really be ignored in most chemical reactions. Fisher and Radzihovsky say that while it may be generally true that quantum properties are lost at high temperatures, certain quantum phenomena endure.....It’s easy to think that nuclear spins have no significant effect on the way that electrons interact with each other in chemical reactions......But that isn’t the case, say Fisher and Radzihovsky. Nuclear spins can easily become coupled to other physical states, such as the way a molecule vibrates. When this happens, the properties of indistinguishability that are normally confined to nuclei leak out and influence the molecule as a whole.

    Fisher and Radzihovsky say this has a particularly strong effect on small symmetric molecules, such as water or hydrogen.Fisher and Radzihovsky show that quantum indistinguishability influences the way molecules fit together because it prevents interactions that don’t match the symmetry of the of nuclei. The researchers go on to show that this effect causes para molecules to be significantly more reactive than ortho molecules, because their symmetry matches that of a wider range of other molecules.One area where this may play an important role is in enzymatic catalysis. Many enzymes rely on hydrogen to do their work. Now Fisher and Radzihovsky show that quantum indistinguishability must have a significant influence on this process. https://arxiv.org/abs/1707.05320

  • Evolutionary biologists identify non-genetic source of species variability August 1, 2017
    As Albertson explains, "We predicted that the baby fish are exercising their jaw muscles, which should impose forces on the bones they attach to, forces that might stimulate bone formation." Albertson and Hu observed that gaping frequency, which could reach as high as 200 per minute, varied by species "in a way that foreshadows differences in bone deposition around processes critical for the action of jaw opening."

    Albertson, an evolutionary geneticist, says, "For over a hundred years, we've been taught that the ability of a system to evolve depends largely on the amount of genetic variation that exists for a trait. What is ignored, or not noted for most traits, is that less than 50 percent of genetic variation can typically be accounted for by genetics." He adds, "Variation in skull shape is highly heritable, so why can we only find genetic variability that accounts for such a small amount of variability in bone development? In my lab we have shifted from elaborating our genetic models to looking more closely at the interaction between genetics and the environment."

    How the environment influences development is known as epigenetics in its original and broadest meaning, Albertson points out. Coined in the 1940s to mean anything not encoded in the nucleotide sequence, it has narrowed to refer to how the 3D structure of the DNA molecule is modified, he notes. "That meaning is true, but it isn't the only one. We're returning to the original definition."

    In this sense, gaping is part of "a very dynamic developmental environment," Albertson notes. "Bones are not forming in static lumps of tissue. Rather, they are developing as part of, and perhaps in response to, a highly complex and dynamic system." The fact that species differ in gaping rate led the researchers to test the idea that differences in bone development could be accounted for by variation in this behavior.[I'm not philosophically against (and I *have* long been been against over-focus on genetics) but to what extent are they calling the mouth-gaping behavior "the" environmental factor, and, to what extent can we can that well, that behavior is due to (initially)genetics which then gets a slight environment kick in one directio or other, tiny kick perhaps, and that's what causes the differences in gaping behavior -HB][I did NOT read entire article..skimming now from bottom up, I need to read the "that same molecule" paragraph and several above it...to get clear on that...-HB]

    The idea is that when an animal population is exposed to a new environment, certain molecules will enable them to respond by conforming their bodies to meet new challenges. If the new environment is stable, natural selection should favor genetic mutations in these molecules that fix the original, transient response. This theory establishes a framework for the initial steps in species divergence. "We think that we now have a molecular foothold into this process," Albertson explains. "These are exciting times."

  • Scientific American: Aging Is Reversible—at Least in Human Cells and Live MiceChanges to gene activity that occur with age can be turned back, a new study shows By Karen Weintraub on December 15, 2016
    By tweaking genes that turn adult cells back into embryoniclike ones, researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies reversed the aging of mouse and human cells in vitro, extended the life of a mouse with an accelerated-aging condition and successfully promoted recovery from an injury in a middle-aged mouse, according to a study published Thursday in Cell.

    The study adds weight to the scientific argument that aging is largely a process of so-called epigenetic changes, alterations that make genes more active or less so

    ""Aging is something plastic that we can manipulate," says Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte, the study’s senior author and an expert in gene expression at Salk. In their study Belmonte and his colleagues rejuvenated cells by turning on, for a short period of time, four genes that have the capacity to convert adult cells back into an embryoniclike state.

    In living mice they activated the four genes (known as “Yamanaka factors,” for researcher Shinya Yamanaka, the Nobelist who discovered their combined potential in 2006). This approach rejuvenated damaged muscles and the pancreas in a middle-aged mouse, and extended by 30 percent the life span of a mouse with a genetic mutation responsible for Hutchinson–Gilford progeria syndrome, which causes rapid aging in children.

    ..some scientists see the study as further evidence that aging is driven by epigenetic changes. "I do think that epigenetic reprogramming is the ultimate way to reverse aging," says David Sinclair, a Harvard University geneticist and anti-aging researcher who was not involved in the study but is doing similar work. "My lab has a lot of evidence that the primary driver of what we call the hallmarks of aging is the epigenetic change."

    Matt Kaeberlein, a molecular biologist at the University of Washington who studies aging but was not part of the work, says other researchers have found that the Yamanaka factors can rejuvenate cells--so in some ways this study is not surprising. But Kaeberlein says no one else had yet shown that the factors can treat age-related diseases in an animal by making the same changes. "That’s the wow fact," he explains.

    Kaeberlein says the study suggests it may be possible not just to slow aging but to actually reverse it. "That's really exciting--that means that even in elderly people it may be possible to restore youthful function," he says. Plus, it is easier to imagine a treatment that makes changes to the epigenome than to consider going into every cell and changing its genes.

    The study also showed how fine the line can be between benefit and harm. When the researchers treated mice continually, some developed tumors and died within a week. When the scientists cut the treatment to two days out of seven, however, the mice benefited significantly. Sinclair says this should be taken as a note of caution by anyone trying to increase the human life span. “We’ve all been playing with fire,” he says, adding that this fine line will make it challenging to get a drug approved by regulatory agencies. “This is going to be what we spend the next 10 years figuring out: how to reprogram cells to be young again without taking it too far so they become tumors.”

    ...“This work is the first glimmer that we could live for centuries,” Sinclair says, adding that he would happily do so himself: “Forty-seven years went by pretty quickly.” (Keywords: longevity lifespan -- helps delay when you need cryonics)

  • Telomeres and Telomerase Group Group Leader: María A. Blasco www.cnio.es she and the other Spain national in preceding story were mentioned as speakers in the longevity&cryonics conference in Barcelona e study the mechanisms by which tumour cells are immortal and normal cells are mortal. Immortality is one of the most universal characteristics of cancer cells. The enzyme telomerase is present in more than 95% of all types of human cancers and absent in normal cells in the body. Telomeres are nucleoprotein complexes located at the ends of chromosomes, essential for chromosome protection and genomic stability. Progressive shortening of telomeres associated with organism ageing to ageing. When telomeres are altered adult stem cells have a maimed regenerative capacity. Our research aims are:

  • July 21 2017 article in IBtimes.com:
    Harvard University’s Mikhail Lukin announced at the recently concluded 4th International Conference on Quantum Technologies (ICQT) in Moscow that his team had successfully built and tested a 51-qubit quantum computer.

    The highlight of ICQT was supposed to be another quantum computing device, being designed by John Martinis, a professor at University of California at Santa Barbara who also works with Google toward working a scalable, practical quantum computer. On July 13, Martinis announced his team was building a 49-qubit machine, using superconductors, and hoped to have a working version in the very near future.

    But on the morning of the very next day — Martinis was supposed to give a public lecture about his quantum device that evening — Lukin produced quite a surprise. He said during his talk that his group, along with colleagues from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, had successfully built and tested a 51-qubit device in his lab at Harvard, using cold atoms to achieve this feat. This achievement puts Lukin and his group at the forefront of quantum computing in the world To make this quantum simulator, the researchers used atoms that were cooled with lasers and were held in place using optical “tweezers” — especially arranged laser beams. The more popular current approach, including the one being used by Martinis, is to employ superconducting ions connected with Josephson junctions. Another common approach is that of trapped ions, wherein ions are trapped within electromagnetic fields.

    When asked about which technology he thinks was most likely to lead to viable quantum computers, Lukin told International Business Times in a chat following his presentation: “There are several platforms that are very promising, and they are all entering the regime where it is getting interesting, you know, system sizes you cannot simulate with classical computers. But I think it is way premature to pick a winner among them. Moreover, if we are thinking about truly large scales, hundreds of thousands of qubits, systems which will be needed for some algorithms, to be honest, I don’t think anyone knows how to go there.”

    Lukin also said during his talk that his team used their 51-qubit machine to model the behavior of many-particle quantum systems, a problem which would take classical computers perhaps billions of years to solve. They made some new discoveries in the process as well, which was verified using approximate calculations on classical computers. The researchers plan to continue conducting more experiments on their system.

  • See also SputnikNews and a Russian physicist (ex colleague of Lukin) his blogspot post on it (and on U.S. russophobia DNC politics "russiagate" etc)

  • Why you might trust a quantum computer with secrets—even over the internet July 12, 2017
    Researchers have shown previously that users who can make or measure qubits to convey instructions to the quantum computer could disguise their computation. The new paper extends that power to users who can only send classical bits - i.e. most of us, for now.

    This is surprising because some computer science theorems imply that encrypted quantum computation is impossible when only classical communication is available.

    The hope for security comes from the quantum computer not knowing which steps of the measurement sequence do what. The quantum computer can't tell which qubits were used for inputs, which for operations and which for outputs.

    "It's extremely exciting. You can use this unique feature of the measurement-based model of quantum computing—the way information flows through the state—as a crypto tool to hide information from the server," says team member Tommaso Demarie of CQT and SUTD.

    ... The set of interpretations grows rapidly with the number of qubits. "The set of all possible computations is exponentially large - that's one of the things we prove in the paper—and therefore the chance of guessing the real computation is exponentially small," says Fitzsimons. One question remains: could meaningful computations be so rare among all the possible ones that the guessing gets easier? That's what the researchers need to check next.

  • swinburne.edu.auOptical combs bring quantum smartphones a step closer Thursday 29 June 2017 Optical QuDits – the next step beyond qubits – consist of photons that exist in more than two states at a time. By entangling two Qudits – each in a superposition of 10 different states – the group has succeeded in creating an on-chip quantum system with an unprecedented one hundred dimensions. This breakthrough shows that compact, highly complex quantum state sources can now exist outside of large laboratories, opening the possibility of – ultimately – incorporating quantum devices directly into laptops and cell phones. Dr Michael Kues and Mr Christian Reimer from Canada’s National Institute of Scientific Research – Energy, Materials and Telecommunications (INRS-EMT) are the lead authors of this study. "By combining technologies from both quantum optics and ultra-fast optical signal processing, we not only succeed in generating high-dimensional quantum states on a chip but demonstrate their reconfigurable control ‘on-the-fly’,” Dr Kues says. [The research has been published in the journal Nature.] [Wikipedia: "Similar to the qubit, a qutrit is a unit of quantum information in a 3-level quantum system. This is analogous to the unit of classical information trit. The term "qudit" is used to denote a unit of quantum information in a d-level quantum system."]

    There's a good deal of pseudoscience around quantum physics in popular culture including wishful thinking about our minds or about healing...but the *real* science is as or more exciting in many ways..just came across this.. The application of quantum research to cancer is futuristic sounding enough: 27 June 2017 A diagnostic technique that can detect tiny molecules signalling the presence of cancer could be on the horizon. The possibility of an entirely new capability for detecting cancer at its earliest stages arises from University of Queensland physicists applying quantum physics to single molecule sensing for the first time. But it gets *more* futuristic sounding &"[science]truth is stranger than [science]fiction"when you get to: "Project researcher Dr Lars Madsen said the project applied techniques used to detect gravitational waves from black holes in outer space to the nanoscale – super small – world of molecular biology. " ..“Our research translates this technological development over to the biosciences and offers the possibility of a new biomedical diagnostics technique capable of detecting the presence of even a single cancer marker molecule.” " Full: https://www.uq.edu.au/news/article/2017/06/physicists-make-quantum-leap-understanding-lifes-nanoscale-machinery

  • Paralysed man feeds himself with help of implants 29 March 2017 From the section Health (BBC)

  • First Magnetic Resonance Microscope Has Human Biochemistry in Its Sights With a sensor made from diamond, the new microscope can study biochemical processes in unprecedented detail. by Emerging Technology from the arXiv February 23, 2017
    Today, David Simpson and pals at the University of Melbourne in Australia say they have built a magnetic resonance microscope with a resolution of just 300 nanometers that can study biochemical reactions on previously unimaginable scales.
  • MIT physicists get ultra-sharp glimpse of electrons Anne Trafton, News Office July 20, 2007 /...he new spectroscopy technique measures electron energy levels with 1,000 times greater resolution than previous methods, an advance that has "tremendous power to tell you what the electrons are doing," said MIT physics professor Ray Ashoori,... The Ashoori Group page to get updated from 2007 to today....
  • Nature.com has on 'quantum MRI' too, by same: A quantum spin-probe molecular microscope

  • Proposed quantum nano-MRI could generate images with angstrom-level resolution December 1, 2016 by Lisa Zyga (Phys.org)—Similar to the way that a conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine uses large magnets to generate 3D images, physicists have developed a proposal for a quantum nano-MRI machine that would use the magnetic properties of a single atomic qubit to generate 3D images with angstrom-level (0.1-nanometer) resolution. The new technique could lead to the development of single-molecule microscopes for imaging biomolecules, The qubit acts as both the source and the sensor of magnetic fields, with its quantum magnetic properties (its spin) interacting with the magnetic properties of the atoms in the target molecule.

  • 11/25/16: In part: "Quantum computing on a small scale using trapped ions (charged atoms) is carried out by aligning individual laser beams onto individual ions with each ion forming a quantum bit. However, a large-scale quantum computer would need billions of quantum bits, therefore requiring billions of precisely aligned lasers, one for each ion. "Instead, scientists at Sussex have invented a simple method where voltages are applied to a quantum computer microchip (without having to align laser beams) – to the same effect. Professor Winfried Hensinger and his team also succeeded in demonstrating the core building block of this new method with an impressively low error rate at their quantum computing facility at Sussex. "Professor Hensinger said: "This development is a game changer for quantum computing,/b> making it accessible for industrial and government use. We will construct a large-scale quantum computer at Sussex making full use of this exciting new technology."
  • Dec 2016, overview,
  • In October Microsoft made a major breakthrough in speech recognitionm, creating a speech recognition system that for the first time made the same, or fewer, errors than a human transcriptionist, with a word error rate of only 5.9 per cent. In 2010, the error rate was 30 per cent.

  • Robear is a robot bear that can care for the elderly https://www.engadget.com/2015/02/26/robear-japan-caregiver/
  • neutrinos are produced from the scattering of other accelerated,
    high-energy particles in a facility near Chicago and beamed to a
    detector in Soudan, Minnesota, 735 kilometers (456 miles)
    away. Although the neutrinos leave Illinois as one flavor, they may
    oscillate along their journey, arriving in Minnesota as a completely
    different flavor.
    The MIT team studied the distribution of neutrino flavors generated in
    Illinois, versus those detected in Minnesota, and found that these
    distributions can be explained most readily by quantum phenomena: As
    neutrinos sped between the reactor and detector, they were
    statistically most likely to be in a state of superposition, with no
    definite flavor or identity.
    What's more, the researchers found that the data was "in high tension"
    with more classical descriptions of how matter should behave. In
    particular, it was statistically unlikely that the data could be
    explained by any model of the sort that Einstein sought, in which
    objects would always embody definite properties rather than exist in
    "They realized you get different predictions for correlations of
    measurements of a single system over time, if you assume superposition
    versus realism," Kaiser explains, where "realism" refers to models of
    the Einstein type, in which particles should always exist in some
    definite state.
    Formaggio had the idea to flip the expression slightly, to apply not
    to repeated measurements over time but to measurements at a range of
    neutrino energies. In the MINOS experiment, huge numbers of neutrinos
    are created at various energies, where Kaiser says they then "careen
    through the Earth, through solid rock, and a tiny drizzle of them will
    be detected" 735 kilometers away.
    According to Formaggio's reworking of the Leggett-Garg inequality, the
    distribution of neutrino flavors—the type of neutrino that finally
    arrives at the detector—should depend on the energies at which the
    neutrinos were created. Furthermore, those flavor distributions should
    look very different if the neutrinos assumed a definite identity throughout
    their journey, versus if they were in superposition, with no distinct
    ... when they compared these predictions with the actual distribution
    of neutrino flavors observed from the MINOS experiment, they found
    that the data fit squarely within the predicted distribution for a
    quantum system, meaning that the neutrinos very likely did not have
    individual identities while traveling over hundreds of miles between
    detectors. Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2016-07-weird-quantum-effects-hundreds-miles.html#jCp
  • 2016 July WARNING SCRIPT LOCKS THINGS UP ON phys.org.............just now in july 2016...
    The key insight is that the total size of population that can be supported depends on the proportion of cooperators: more cooperation means more food for all and a larger population. If, due to chance, there is a random increase in the number of cheats then there is not enough food to go around and total population size will decrease. Conversely, a random decrease in the number of cheats will allow the population to grow to a larger size, disproportionally benefitting the cooperators. In this way, the cooperators are favoured by chance, and are more likely to win in the long term.
  • "the culmination of the entire [Human Connectome]project that we've been working towards," A new brain map.. has carved the "cortex" into 180 different compartments - 97 of which are new. This crumpled outer layer of the brain is home to our advanced cognition, perception and movement...team used several different types of information, derived from lengthy scanning sessions of 210 people, to define the boundaries of 180 areas in each brain hemisphere....After using automatic computational tools to separate those 180 areas, the team set about testing and confirming the results on a fresh sample of 210 individual brains. There were, perhaps inevitably, some differences between individuals, but brain researchers have welcomed the map as the most detailed human brain atlas to date. Brain map carves cortex into twice as many areas July 2016
    "It's very useful. It betters the descriptions that have been available up till now," Prof Eickhoff said. But he cautioned against describing the 97 freshly delineated regions as "new areas". "If you look at the classical brain maps, even from the 19th century - they were whole-brain maps; they had a label for every spot on the cortex. Any part of the brain has already been looked at. "[This work] certainly defines something clearly, where knowledge has been imprecise and maybe contradictory. But 'new' is a tricky term." <>..."It conceptually changes things. Brain areas are not coarsely divided with, say, 50 pieces that we need to figure out what they're doing. "As you get more and better data, you can subdivide it further and further - and we should be thinking about the brain in this much more granular way." (keywords Cryonics)(keyword alcor)
  • The storage allows unprecedented properties including 360 TB/disc data capacity, thermal stability up to 1,000°C and virtually unlimited lifetime at room temperature (13.8 billion years at 190°C ) opening a new era of eternal data archiving 15 February 2016 (University of Southampton) (ALSO: http://phys.org/news/2016-02-eternal-5d-storage-history-humankind.html )
  • http://m.csmonitor.com/Science/2016/0202/Ravens-may-have-a-Theory-of-Mind-say-scientists 2015 feb 2, ...AR animal rights intelligence theory of mind birds ravens
  • Inventive crows caught on camera making tools (+video) 2015 december - keywrods vegan AR ar --
    Clever crows have long been known to use tools. But one species is particularly technologically advanced: New Caledonian crows actually make their own hook-shaped tools, which they use for foraging.

    Biologists have known about the shrewd tool-use of the South Pacific island-dwelling crows for a decade, but they had seen the birds make tools only in laboratory experiments. Sure, the crows built tools in that artificial setting, scientists reasoned, but how skillful were the feathered engineers in the wild?

  • with good microscope photo:https://www.sciencenews.org/article/tiny-mites-are-probably-crawling-all-over-your-face "DNA tests reveal the omnipresence of two arachnid species living in human skin".........."PORE POPULACE Microscopic skin mites like this one (pink tail of mite shown in a hair follicle in a false-color scanning electron micrograph) live on the face of every adult human on the planet, a new study suggests."
    see also this good computer image representation:https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/45/1f/2e/451f2e5500e406dd9434a5716b54c376.jpg http://www.sciencerecorder.com/news/2015/12/15/face-mites-hold-clues-human-evolution/
  • "We thought the Milky Way would continue making stars at its present rate for another two billion years; it now seems more likely to be six billion," said the study's lead author Dr Peter Barnes of the University of Florida. oct 2015 (abc.net.au/news) ("The Milky Way has up to three times more star-forming material than previously thought, according to a new survey using Australia's Mopra radio telescope....Following cuts announced in the federal budget, the CSIRO plans to shut down the Mopra Radio Telescope this year.")(6billion yrs but: " its future evolution will still be changed forever in about 3.7 billion years from now when it collides with the much bigger Andromeda Galaxy M-31. "("This was a completely unexpected result," Dr Barnes said.)
  • NASA discovers evidence of “liquid briny water” flowing on Mars 28/09 16:14 CET (Sept 2015, Euronews.com)
  • NATURE.com: Quantum ‘spookiness’ passes toughest test yet Experiment plugs loopholes in previous demonstrations of 'action at a distance', against Einstein's objections — and could make data encryption safer. (Aug 2015) COMMENTARY IN NATURE.COM BUT NON-PEER-REVIEWED-YET THEY SAY: "In the latest paper3, which was submitted to the arXiv preprint repository on 24 August and has NOT YET BEEN PEER REVIEWED (BUT "“It is a truly ingenious and beautiful experiment,” says Anton Zeilinger, a physicist at the Vienna Centre for Quantum Science and Technology.")..........“I wouldn’t be surprised if in the next few years we see one of the authors of this paper, along with some of the older experiments, Aspect’s and others, named on a Nobel prize,” says Matthew Leifer, a quantum physicist at the Perimeter Institute in Waterloo for Theoretical Physics, Ontario. “It’s that exciting.”..........
    In the 1960s, Irish physicist John Bell proposed a test that could discriminate between Einstein’s hidden variables and the spooky interpretation of quantum mechanics1. He calculated that hidden variables can explain correlations only up to some maximum limit. If that level is exceeded, then Einstein’s model must be wrong.

    The first Bell test was carried out in 19812, by Alain Aspect’s team at the Institute of Optics in Palaiseau, France. Many more have been performed since, always coming down on the side of spookiness — but each of those experiments has had loopholes that meant that physicists have never been able to fully close the door on Einstein’s view. Experiments that use entangled photons are prone to the ‘detection loophole’: not all photons produced in the experiment are detected, and sometimes as many as 80% are lost. Experimenters therefore have to assume that the properties of the photons they capture are representative of the entire set.

    (In practice, however, the entanglement-swapping idea will be hard to implement. The team took more than week to generate a few hundred entangled electron pairs, whereas generating a quantum key would require thousands of bits to be processed per minute, points out Gisin, who is a co-founder of the quantum cryptographic company ID Quantique in Geneva.)

    Leifer is less troubled by this ‘freedom-of-choice loophole’, however. “It could be that there is some kind of superdeterminism, so that the choice of measurement settings was determined at the Big Bang,” he says. “We can never prove that is not the case, so I think it’s fair to say that most physicists don’t worry too much about this.” (yes, pragmatic, but still one might say "a very relaxed attitude!!")

  • http://www.sciencetimes.com/articles/7104/20150813/study-reveals-new-insights-on-origin-of-life.htm 2015 Aug
    A new study on the origin of life has found that short, positively charged hydrophobic peptide inducing electrostatic interactions were all it took to attach RNA structures to vesicle membranes. This new discovery comes to provide new insight into how membranes and RNA could have come together to form the precursors to life called protocells. This process was taking place around 4 billion years ago on Earth.

    Scientists assume that RNA is the ancestral nucleic acid found in early cells. RNA can catalyze chemical reaction as well as store genetic information. Scientists also consider membranes an important piece in the puzzle. They are thought to have played an important role in prebiotic chemistry by promoting a variety of processes, trapping nucleic acids inside vesicles and co-localizing reactants on their surface.

    The physical association of vesicle membranes and RNA may have been a significant event in early cellular evolution. Determining pre-biotically possible ways through which membranes and RNA and can associate is an important aspect of understanding the formation process of early cells.

    A team at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, U.S., including Nobel laureate Jack Szostak found that peptides just seven amino acids long or even fewer are able to localize RNA to a basic cell membrane.

    According to the first author of the research paper, Neha Kamat, this is a simple mechanism that has been also used in other fields to form RNA complexes from a variety of materials. She explains that the simplicity of their system makes this mode of RNA-membrane association plausible on our primitive Earth.

    The authors of the study used small peptides containing a cationic group interacting electrostatically with phosphate groups of RNA negatively charged, and a hydrophobic group associating with the membrane.

    Kamat explains that this kind of peptides may have helped to bring membranes and RNA together since they could have been present on the prebiotic Earth. According to the scientist, the peptides essentially act as a kind of glue that first binds membranes and then hold the RNA at the membrane surface.

    The conclusion of the study is that the first forms of life were likely to be simple cells made of peptides and short strands of a nucleic acid such as RNA, explains David Deamer, chemist specialized in membrane evolution at the University of California, Santa Cruz.

  • Scientist: Most complete human brain model to date is a ‘brain changer’...COLUMBUS, Ohio – Scientists at The Ohio State University have developed a nearly complete human brain in a dish that equals the brain maturity of a 5-week-old fetus. The brain organoid, engineered from adult human skin cells, is the most complete human brain model yet developed, said Rene Anand, professor of biological chemistry and pharmacology at Ohio State. see pol/*bortion* file re comments on picture, VERY primitive looking eye "stalks" are not even stalks but bumps etc
    Such a system will enable ethical and more rapid and accurate testing of experimental drugs before the clinical trial stage and advance studies of genetic and environmental causes of central nervous system disorders. Rene Anand

    “It not only looks like the developing brain, its diverse cell types express nearly all genes like a brain,” Anand said. “We’ve struggled for a long time trying to solve complex brain disease problems that cause tremendous pain and suffering. The power of this brain model bodes very well for human health because it gives us better and more relevant options to test and develop therapeutics other than rodents.”

  • Eye movements 'change scenes' during dreams>A?. BBC Aug 2015... "It has long been thought that these movements might reflect the visual component of dreams, but there has been no clear evidence for this - until now, Dr Nir said."
    "We are intimately familiar with the activity of these neurons. We know they are active every time you look at an image, or when you imagine that image. And now we see them active in a similar way when you move your eyes in REM sleep, so it becomes very probable that the eye movements represent some type of reset, or 'moving onto the next dream frame'.

    "It's almost like when I was growing up and we had slide projectors. You move to the next dream slide, if you like."

    Even people who are congenitally blind... can still dream about their aunt coming to visit from Florida: her voice, the emotions and all the associations that go with that.

    "And when the dream changes from meeting this aunt to, say, taking your dog for a stroll in the park, then the brain activity changes and this happens in sync with eye movements."

    He also emphasised that flickering of a dreamer's eyes, which only happens in brief spurts, does not mean they are surveying a scene.

    "The eye movements are not actually scanning your dream - they're reorienting your visual thoughts," Prof Horne told BBC News.

  • Bonobo squeaks hint at earlier speech evolution "For a long time, it was assumed that non-human primates, including great apes like chimpanzees and bonobos, could only communicate using calls that were tied to specific emotional states - such as screaming in alarm, or barking for aggression." (keywords another ar animalrights intelligence "more complex" more than we thought etc etc)

    Using a single vocal signal in multiple contexts - referred to as "functional flexibility" - was thought to be a human ability. And it is something we develop very early. Babies as young as 3-4 months, for example, have been shown to use squeals and growls across a wide range of situations, whether they are happy, distressed or neutral. These sit alongside other noises that are obviously tied to particular emotions, such as crying and laughing. 2015 aug

    Working with colleagues from the University of
      Neuchatel, Switzerland, Dr Clay found that the peeps used in several
      different positive or neutral situations - such as feeding or
      travelling - were acoustically identical, just as she had suspected.
    This is important because the "meaning" of the peeps must be
      determined partly from their context - whether that is other calls
      delivered in a sequence, or other things that the bonobos are doing.
    "On their own, [the peeps] don't tie so strongly to one meaning," Dr
      Clay explained.
    So it seems that this kind of "structural flexibility", considered one
      of the building blocks of human language, is not unique - in fact it
      turned up several branches back in our family tree.
    "Our capacity for this type of flexible signalling was probably a much
      older capacity than just the human lineage," Dr Clay said
    Dr Simon Townsend studies the evolution of animal communication at the
      University of Zurich. Commenting on the study, he agreed that it
      fits into an expanding view of the sophistication of primate
      "language" - and that bonobos are a somewhat neglected species in
      this field.
    "It's not easy to get access to these animals in the wild... and this
      is really important data," he told the BBC.
    "It goes along with a growing body of evidence that suggests that
      primates do have quite a bit of control... and goes against the
      general idea that animals are somehow constrained by their emotional state."

  • First Warm-Blooded Fish Discovered By Stephanie Pappas and LiveScience | May 14, 2015
  • Chinese scientists genetically modify human embryos Rumours of germline modification prove true — and look set to reignite an ethical debate. (nature.com, 22 Apr 2015)
    ...tried to head off such concerns by using 'non-viable' embryos, which cannot result in a live birth, that were obtained from local fertility clinics. The team attempted to modify the gene responsible for β-thalassaemia, a potentially fatal blood disorder, using a gene-editing technique known as CRISPR/Cas9. The researchers say that their results reveal serious obstacles to using the method in medical applications.

    ...says George Daley, a stem-cell biologist at Harvard Medical School in Boston. "Their study should be a stern warning to any practitioner who thinks the technology is ready for testing to eradicate disease genes"

    Some say that gene editing in embryos could have a bright future because it could eradicate devastating genetic diseases before a baby is born. Others say that such work crosses an ethical line: researchers warned in Nature2 in March that because the genetic changes to embryos, known as germline modification, are heritable, they could have an unpredictable effect on future generations. Researchers have also expressed concerns that any gene-editing research on human embryos could be a slippery slope towards unsafe or unethical uses of the technique.

    Serious obstacles The team injected 86 embryos and then waited 48 hours, enough time for the CRISPR/Cas9 system and the molecules that replace the missing DNA to act — and for the embryos to grow to about eight cells each. Of the 71 embryos that survived, 54 were genetically tested. This revealed that just 28 were successfully spliced, and that only a fraction of those contained the replacement genetic material. “If you want to do it in normal embryos, you need to be close to 100%,” Huang says. “That’s why we stopped. We still think it’s too immature.”

    His team also found a surprising number of ‘off-target’ mutations assumed to be introduced by the CRISPR/Cas9 complex acting on other parts of the genome. This effect is one of the main safety concerns surrounding germline gene editing because these unintended mutations could be harmful. The rates of such mutations were much higher than those observed in gene-editing studies of mouse embryos or human adult cells. And Huang notes that his team likely only detected a subset of the unintended mutations because their study looked only at a portion of the genome, known as the exome.

    Huang says that the paper was rejected by Nature and Science, in part because of ethical objections; both journals declined to comment on the claim (Nature’s news team is editorially independent of its research editorial team.)

  • (UPI) -- Researchers at Harvard University are one step closer to bringing the wooly mammoth back to life, having successfully inserted wooly mammoth genes into living cells collected from an Asian elephant. For the first time in a long time (the species became extinct 4,000 years ago), the genes of a wooly mammoth are active -- reborn inside Asian elephant skin cells floating about petri dishes 2015, march 25th
    But choosing the correct genes isn't an exact science. Now, they must coax the cells into various types of tissues to see if the new genes are properly expressed.

    "Just making a DNA change isn't that meaningful," Church told Popular Science. "We want to read out the phenotypes."

    If the genes do as they're supposed to -- instigate the growth of long -- -- hair and encourage the accumulation of subcutaneous fat, for example -- then the research team will attempt to convert the cells into an embryo that can be raised in an artificial womb.

  • Nanocrystals explain chameleons’ color shifts 2015 March
  • In March of last year, company WinSun claimed to have printed 10 houses in 24 hours, using a proprietary 3D printer that uses a mixture of ground construction and industrial waste, such as glass and tailings, around a base of quick-drying cement mixed with a special hardening agent...Now [March 2015?]WinSun has further demonstrated the efficacy of its technology -- with a five-storey apartment building ...
  • First full body transplant is two years away, surgeon claims THE GUARDIAN, FEB 2015.... keywords longevity and PSEUDO-KEYWORD TO help FIND THIS LATER: cryonics life-extension

  • X-ray machine opens new frontier The machine is a billion times brighter than the previous generation of lasers...."This genuinely is a revolution," said Prof Dunne. "We can now see for the first time deep inside an atom on the space scale and the time scale that chemistry and biology really happens.......The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS)... "To actually image these things in real time with the brightness and the fastness that LCLS has will be really special, so we can film them and see them instead of just looking at evidence for these kind of things," she said. In another chamber, Prof Anders Nilsson has for the first time seen how atoms behave in a chemical reaction.

  • Spooky Alignment of Quasars Across Billions of Light-years VLT reveals alignments between supermassive black hole axes and large-scale structure nov 2014 The new VLT results indicate that the rotation axes of the quasars tend to be parallel to the large-scale structures in which they find themselves. So, if the quasars are in a long filament then the spins of the central black holes will point along the filament. The researchers estimate that the probability that these alignments are simply the result of chance is less than 1%.
  • Baby chicks are yellow, fluffy and down-right adorable. However, most humans probably aren't thinking they have anything in common with modern-day Homo sapiens. Turns out that these adorable creatures MAP OUT SMALL NUMBERS ON THE LEFT SIDE AND BIGGER NUMBERS ON THE RIGHT SIDE, just like us. The intelligence trait, otherwise known as mental number line, can be seen in infants as young as seven months old. KEYWORDS AR animal rights science (yes I know "intelligence" is not the key factor but ability to suffer among other things - but thist ype of thign can wake people up and is a factor in how we human beings react, our ability to empathize -HB)
  • Team designs world's smallest transistor A team of Australian physicists has created the world's first functioning single-atom transistor..February 2012, Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC)
    uses as its active component an individual phosphorus atom patterned between atomic-scale electrodes and electrostatic control gates. While single-atom devices have been developed before, these had an error of about 10 nanometres in positioning of the atoms, which is large enough to affect functionality.
  • 'Stranger Danger' Makes People Less Empathetic The study suggests that people's default response is to be empathetic toward others but that stress inhibits their ability to feel others' pain...The new study is interesting because "it suggests a shared mechanism between humans and mice, supporting the idea that empathy is a trait that is inherent to all mammals," said Frans de Waal,.. (January 2015)
  • New frog 'gives birth to tadpoles'tadpoles A species found on an Indonesian island has become the first frog ever seen giving birth to tadpoles, rather than laying eggs. 31 December 2014 Last updated at 16:17 ET
  • A team of physicists has managed to make the first precise measurements ever of the mysterious twin of the hydrogen atom: antihydrogen.
  • Computer simulating 13-year-old boy becomes first to pass Turing test 'Eugene Goostman' fools 33% of interrogators into thinking it is human, in what is seen as a milestone in artificial intelligence june 2014
  • Study: Dogs and Humans Think Alike Researchers found that people and canines respond similarly to noises.....The first study to compare brain function between humans and non-primate animals found that dogs have “dedicated voice areas in their brains, just as people do,” and are also “sensitive to acoustic cues of emotion,” ...(keyword AR animal rights, yes I know "intelligence" is NOT "the reason" for AR but in our present day it is one of the tools that are effective soemtimes, for getting peoel to at least consider a more symapthetic-to-AR view...............
  • A similar form of bubonic plague to the Black Death could make an unwelcome reappearance on Earth, according to researchers.
    cientists studying the Plague of Justinian (AD 541–542), one of the most lethal pandemics in human history, which wiped out half of the world's population, extracted the teeth of two 1,500-year-old victims.

    By doing so, they were able to trace the genetics of the ancient plague, concluding that the Justinian outbreak was caused by a different bacterial strain from that responsible for the later Black Death (AD 1348–50)...In both cases, the pathogen responsible was Yersinia pestis, which spreads to humans via rats and fleas... and while the Justinian strain vanished, the Black Death strain reappeared throughout history, most notably in the outbreak of the 1800s.. rodent reservoirs of plague still exist today in many parts of the world.

  • Elephant 'had aquatic ancestor' ----Moeritherium was almost certainly an animal that ate freshwater plants and led a semi-aquatic lifestyle, similar to that of hippos
  • "C. elegans was the first multicellular organism to have its genome completely sequenced. And as of 2012, this worm was the only organism to have its connectome (neuronal "wiring diagram") completed.[6]"
  • video: bbc - This David Attenborough narrated segment from the BBC's nature program "The Wildlife of Life" explains the life of the Mudskipper. The Mudskipper is one of the only fish on the planet that can live, and thrive, on land. keyword evolution wonder awe of nature. (boreme.com...google finds also at "wimp.com")
  • Physicists Smash Record For Wave-Particle Duality Researchers have observed quantum superposition in molecules containing around 5000 protons, 5000 neutrons and 5000 electrons The team’s measurements imply that this molecule has a wavelength of about 500 femtometres, which is about four orders of magnitude smaller than the diameter [5 nanometers, then?] of a molecule by itself. (Buckeyballs were previously "done" in earlier reserach...google says buckyball is 1nm in diameter] Next: only an order or maginutde higher are smallest viruses, they say...and not just dual nature but other quantum-like, such as teleportation, they speculate, may be found....
  • Quantum Experiment Shows How Time ‘Emerges’ from Entanglement Time is an emergent phenomenon that is a side effect of quantum entanglement, say physicists. And they have the first experimental results to prove it ...Other strange theories - only one electroc in the entire universe (Google (universe "only one electron exists"))..see The modern interpretation is that for each particle kind there is a field, for example the electron field. Nearly everywhere that field is smooth, but at some points it is not and there is a field singularity, what we call a particle. In the mathemathical branch called topology, there is a domain dealing with field defects. Asking : Is there different electrons? is in fact asking: Is the electron field endowed with more than one defect species in topology?......another: "The formalism of quantum field theory naturally includes plenty of situations where electrons and anti-electrons form "closed loops" in time..Those closed loops would not be connected to the hypothesized "one electron" bouncing back and forth through all of time,

  • Quantum leap: Magnetic properties of a single proton directly observed for the first time Most important milestone in the direct measurement of the magnetic moment of the proton and its anti-particle has been achieved / Focusing the matter-antimatter symmetry (June 21, 2011, article added in Dec 2013 to this index..)
  • [keywords ar animal rights] Not such a Dumbo after all
    Negotiations over directions often begin with a common signal known as the “let’s go” rumble. The elephants then engage in lengthy exchanges until a consensus is reached and the herd moves off in the chosen direction. Phyllis Lee, of Stirling University, Scotland - co-editor of The Amboseli Elephants, a new book revealing the research - said elephants can take up to an hour discussing which way to go. “It’s wonderful to watch and a real process of negotiation,” she said.
  • The kindness of beasts Dogs rescue their friends and elephants care for injured kin – humans have no monopoly on moral behaviour
  • Snobbish photons forced to pair up and get heavy Ordinarily, photons—particles of light—don't interact with each other. They interfere, but that's a characteristic that doesn't alter their wavelength or cause them to attract or repel. However, if photons can be induced to interact, it could open up a wide number of applications in quantum computing and optical materials. This sort of radical change can't happen under ordinary circumstances but is possible in special environments. Researchers fabricated just such a medium and produced photons that simultaneously act as though they are massive and mutually attractive. The key to this weird behavior involved passing light through a cold diffuse gas with strong inter-atomic interactions, properties that are usually exclusive but which can be induced in some circumstances. The atoms in the gas acted as an intermediary, causing photons to form bound pairs. Such behavior could have interesting applications for optical switches and quantum logic networks based on photons.
  • (First(?))MRI study: Dogs Experience Similar Emotions as Humans "The ability to experience positive emotions, like love and attachment, would mean that dogs have a level of sentience comparable to that of a human child," said Berns. "And this ability suggests a rethinking of how we treat dogs."
  • Biologists have created a technique to visual the activity of genes in single cells. The technique is extremely efficient. So efficient, in fact, that a thousand genes can be examined in parallel in ten thousand single human cells. Practical uses for this technique can be found in the fields of basic research and medical diagnostics The new technique reveals that the activity of genes, and the spatial arrangement of the resulting transcript molecules, completely differ between single cells. [current]technologies can neither determine the quantity of transcript molecules of one thousand genes in ten thousand single cells, nor the spatial arrangement of transcript molecules within a single cell. The new technique enables a parallel measurement of the quantity and spatial arrangement of the single transcript molecules in ten thousand single cells.
  • ABSURDLY PATENTLY OBVIOUS (BOTH FROM INTUTION AND ALSO IGNORING INTUITION FROMT EH MOUTAINS OF RESEARCH THAT EXISTED BEFORE THIS ONE) STATEMENT GIVEN AS WHAT THE RESEARCH "SUGGESTS" - The results, Dr Rosati explained, suggest that the emotional component of decision-making - feelings of frustration and regret that are so fundamental to our own decisions - are intrinsic to ape society and are not uniquely human. how about saying the bonobos and chimps "were upset" instead of "became emotional"? clearly known from (reserach not just intuition) that they are intelligent enought o have the kind of analysis and internma model that a child of a certain age woudl regarding the expectations/hopes re outcomes of the game..........(2013 may)....also "chimps were more willing to take risks, and also more patient than bonobos..."This might be why chimpanzees are more likely to engage in risky strategies like hunting, in that you could spend all day pursuing a monkey, but end up with nothing...Overall, she said that the results suggested that decision-making in apes involved moods and motivations similar to our own." or chimps were more "passion-driven-greedy-etc"? (2013may)
  • Every Black Hole Contains a New Universe...The repulsive torsion would stop the collapse and would create a "big bounce" like a compressed beach ball that snaps outward. The rapid recoil after such a big bounce could be what has led to our expanding universe. The result of this recoil matches observations of the universe's shape, geometry, and distribution of mass....So our own universe could be the interior of a black hole existing in another universe. Just as we cannot see what is going on inside black holes in the cosmos, any observers in the parent universe could not see what is going on in ours. The motion of matter through the black hole's boundary, called an "event horizon," would only happen in one direction, providing a direction of time that we perceive as moving forward. The arrow of time in our universe would therefore be inherited, through torsion, from the parent universe.Torsion could also explain the observed imbalance between matter and antimatter in the universe. Because of torsion, matter would decay into familiar electrons and quarks, and antimatter would decay into "dark matter," a mysterious invisible form of matter that appears to account for a majority of matter in the universe.....Geometry with torsion naturally produces a "cosmological constant," a sort of added-on outward force which is the simplest way to explain dark energy. . (article http://www.physics.indiana.edu/~nipoplaw/
  • Astrophysics: Fire in the hole! So they posted a paper on the preprint server, arXiv, presenting physicists with a stark choice: either accept that firewalls exist and that general relativity breaks down, or accept that information is lost in black holes and quantum mechanics is wrong1. “For us, firewalls seem like the least crazy option, given that choice,” says Marolf.****************************** 2013 april
  • US Military to Test Lasers for Warplanes in 2014 13 april [keywords military war "defense" ]
  • With the lure of a juicy grape before them and two specialized tools in hand, chimps were able to work in pairs and free the fruit from a complex trap, according to a pair of European researchers working at the Sweetwaters Chimpanzee Sanctuary in Kenya. "Chimpanzees not only coordinate different roles, but they also know which particular action the partner needs to perform,” the authors wrote, arguing that "many of chimpanzees' limitations in collaboration are, perhaps, more motivational than cognitive."

    Researchers have debated whether chimps can work cooperatively for common purpose. Some have described their group hunts in the wild as coordinated, while others looking at different populations have described them as haphazard.(keywords AR animalrights animal-rights) SEARCH FOR google for "the enjoy puzzles"re chimps too...motivated by just the challenge..even if no external reward

  • Whipsnade Zoo research shows chimpanzees 'solve puzzles for fun' 13 feb
  • Do chimpanzees have culture? It may depend on your definition of that slippery concept, but a new study using juice and soft straws shows that chimpanzees fill a basic requirement: They can learn new behaviors from one another. WHY IS THIS REPORTED I THE PENING PARAGRAPH AS IF THIS IS THE FIRST STUDY THAT SAID/SUGGESTED CHIMPS HAVE CULTUER WHEN THAT IS FALSE? later it says, "Previous research had shown that wild chimps in separate communities would use sticks in different ways to fish for ants, a sign that such behaviors went beyond instinct. The new paper, published online Wednesday in the journal PLoS ONE, actually catches captive chimps in the act of learning such different tool uses." (feb 2013)
  • Three billion years after inanimate chemistry first became animate life, a newly synthesized laboratory compound is behaving in uncannily lifelike ways. The particles aren’t truly alive — but they’re not far off, either. Exposed to light and fed by chemicals, they form crystals that move, break apart and form again. 13 jan.............Chaikin notes that life is difficult to define, but can be said to possess metabolism, mobility, and the ability to self-replicate. His crystals have the first two, but not the last................... As for what’s happening now in Palacci and Chaikin’s lab, a particle currently under development isn’t mobile, but it has a metabolism and is self-replicating. “We’re working on it,” Chaikin said.
  • According to the researchers, a quadruple helix is also present in some cells and is believed to relate to cancer in some ways. According to the researchers, controlling these quadruple helix structures could provide new ways to fight cancer. 13 Jan
  • Stanford University researchers create first virtual organism 2012 jul
  • Man and robot linked by brain scanner Robot avatars have got a step closer to being the real world doubles of those who are paralysed or have locked-in-syndrome. Scientists have made a robot move on a human's behalf by monitoring thoughts about movement, reports New Scientist. (2012 July)
  • Aussie scientists unveil single-atom transistor (story plus vid) and direct vid on youtube 12feb
  • Scientists at MIT replicate brain activity with chip.Reserachers at [MIT]..have designed a computer chip that mimics how the brain's neurons adapt in response to new information.Neurobiologists seem to be impressed. It represents "a significant advance in the efforts to incorporate what we know about the biology of neurons and synaptic plasticity onto ...chips," The team plans to use their chip to build systems to model specific neural functions, such as visual processing. Such systems could be much faster than computers which take hours or even days to simulate a brain circuit. The chip could ultimately prove to be even faster than the biological process.(bbc 11nov)
  • Unlike other approaches, the process did not involve the reprogramming of the skin cells into stem cells, but rather the direct transformation of skin cells into neurons. skin cells turned into neurons (bbc 11may)
  • French scientists claim to have found the first planet outside our solar system with the potential to support Earth-like life. ..Gliese 581, located around 20 light years from Earth, which makes it one of our closest neighbours...where it is not so hot that water boils away, nor so cold that water is perpetually frozen. ..More than 500 exoplanets orbiting other stars have been recorded since 1995, detected mostly by a tiny wobble in stellar light. (11 may)
  • Anatomical clues to human evolution from fish (with **intersting video)
  • IQ tests measure motivation not just intelligence bbc 11 apr
  • People stuck for a stamp in Denmark will soon be able to send a text message to pay the postage on a letter. [Startring April 1st], people will [be also able to]send a text to the post office and get back a code they write on the envelope 11mar
  • 'Light sheets' image life in 3D
  • Elephants know how to co-operate (keywords AR animal rights intelligence)
  • "Monkeys apparently appreciate when they are likely to make an error," he told BBC News. "They seem to know when they don't know" Monkeys 'display self-doubt' like humans (BBC 11feb)
  • What father eats affects his offspring- study The novel mice study, carried out by researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical School and the University of Texas at Austin, shows that paternal diet influences lipid metabolising genes of his children. The new findings reported in the December 23rd issue of Cell, a Cell Press publication, highlight the hereditary effects of a process called "epigenetics", which is how our environment and lifestyle can permanently alter our genes as we grow up. 2010 dec24
  • Scientists say an entirely separate type of human identified from bones in Siberia co-existed and interbred with our own species. The ancient humans have been dubbed "Denisovans" A study in Nature journal shows that Denisovans co-existed with Neanderthals and interbred with our species - perhaps around 50,000 years agoo..international group of researchers sequenced a complete genome from one of the ancient hominins (human-like creatures), based on nuclear DNA extracted from a finger bone.. (10dec)keywords AR rights
    According to the researchers, this provides confirmation there were at least four distinct types of human in existence when anatomically modern humans (Homo sapiens sapiens) first left their African homeland.

    Along with modern humans, scientists knew about the Neanderthals and a dwarf human species found on the Indonesian island of Flores nicknamed "The Hobbit". To this list, experts must now add the Denisovans.

  • Snails with shells that coil anti-clockwise are less likely to fall prey to snakes than their clockwise-coiling cousins, scientists have discovered. ..the effect of this advantage on the survival of Satsuma snails is so great, say the researchers, that they could separate into a distinct species.. The scientists wrote: "This study illustrates how a single gene for reproductive incompatibility could generate a new species by natural selection.(2010 dec)
  • New species of bacteria found in Titanic 'rusticles' '10 dec
  • in the lab of University of Wisconsin neuroscientist Luis Populin, five rhesus macaques seem to recognize their own reflections in a mirror. Monkeys t supposed to do this.
  • New Earth-like planet discovered Gliese 581g in 'Goldilocks zone' of space where liquid water could exist is strong contender for a habitable world
  • Pregnant European eelpout fish suckles young embryos 10sep, bbc
  • Orangutans mime to get message across "Previously, scientists thought that mime was such a sophisticated form of communication that only humans were able to do it. "..that orangutans now too seem to mime supports the case that great ape communication is far more complex that was originally imagined...Other research has hinted that wild chimpanzees may also mime. For example, a female chimp has been spotted acting out to her daughter how best to hold a stone in order to crack a nut.(bbc 2010 august) keywords: AR, animal rights.
  • . In a finding that shakes up the prevailing theory that mammals pass on genetic material vertically from parent to progeny, researchers have found hard evidence of horizontal DNA transfer-- swapping genetic material between non-mating species -- between some parasites and their vertebrate hosts.Specifically, the genome biologists found evidence of horizontal DNA transmission in a South American blood-sucking bug as well as a tiny species of pond snail. The genes that made the leap were transposons, segments of DNA that move around within the genome, bouncing around cells replicating and changing the amount of genetic material present. Transposons can cause mutations and changes to genome function in cells, which makes the idea of foreign transposons wandering around in our genomes all the more strange. wikipedia on transposons
  • First Ever Multicellular Animals Found In Oxygen-Free Environment In the 236 years since oxygen was identified as a life-giving necessity, no scientist anywhere has discovered a multicellular animal capable of living without the stuff. Until now. Researchers from the Polytechnic University of Marche in Ancona, Italy*, have discovered three new species that live their entire life in an anoxic pit beneath the Mediterranean Sea. This discovery drastically revises science's understand of where animals can thrive....Unlike plants, all previously discovered animals, and fungi, the newly discovered animal species don't use mitochondria, the cellular organelle that converts sugar and oxygen into water, CO2 and, energy, to power their cells. Instead, these weird creatures have an organelle that resembles a hydrogenosome, a cellular component used by some microbes to produce energy with complex enzymatic reactions.(10apr)
  • READ later: bonobos voluntarily share their food keywords: ar animal rights etc 10march
  • LATER Human gut microbes hold 'second genome' "Basically, we are a walking bacterial colony," said Professor Jeroen Raes, one of the researchers involved. "There is a huge diversity. We have about 100 times more microbial genes than human genes in the body. We also have 10 times more bacterial cells in our body than human cells," (10mar)
  • FINIsh' READING IT LATER: Chimpanzees are intelligent enough to appreciate how big a pint of liquid is, or the volume of any other measure. (keywords: ar animal rights) (10feb,bbc)
  • prions "may keep nearves healthy" 10jan (bbc)
  • Gorillas play sportshe scientists said this kind of shared activity and joint attention with another person begins around nine months of age in humans. Although this process has been suggested to be unique to humans, there have been some previous signs that our closest relatives among the African great apes, might also show similar abilities. (keywrods: AR animal rights also competition competitive - the article mentions "competitive sports" but never STATED much less gave EVIDENCE for, what this really is) 10jan
  • Clever stingray fish use tools to solve problemsIt reveals that the fish, once thought a "simple reflex animal", has cognitive abilities to rival birds, reptiles and mammals, scientists say.
    Recently discovered tool use by animals includes:
    Chimps using cleavers to chop food into bite-sized chunks
    Octopuses stealing coconut shells and then using them as camouflage
    Rooks using stones to raise the level of water in a pitcher, just as
    portrayed in Aesop's fable 
    (10jan bbc) (keywords AR animal rights)
  • Chimps use cleavers and anvils as tools to chop food "It's the first time wild chimpanzees have been found to use two distinct types of percussive technology to achieve the same goal " (keywords animal rights intelligence AR) 09Dec bbc
  • A newfound "water world" orbiting a star just 40 light-years away is the first known Earthlike planet close enough for us to "sniff" its atmosphere, astronomers say. (keyword: exoplanet, extra-terrestrial, SETI-related (but we need to get our act straight on this planet much more than a need to find extra-terrestrail life)) 09dec
  • Monkey calls give clues to language origins Scientists may be a step closer to understanding the origins of human language. "If you add this subtle additional oo unit to turn krak into krak-oo, then that call can be given to a whole range of other contexts. If you take the suffix away then it is almost exclusively a leopard alarm call."(09dec)
  • Female mice produced by using genetic material from two mothers but no father live nearly 30 percent longer than mice with the normal mix of maternal and paternal genes. Their findings provide the first evidence that sperm genes may have a detrimental effect on lifespan in mammals. "We have known for some time that women tend to live longer than men in almost all countries worldwide, and that these sex-related differences in longevity also occur in many other mammalian species,"said Tomohiro Kono of the Tokyo University of Agriculture. "However, the reason for this difference was unclear and, in particular , it was not known whether longevity in mammals was controlled by the genome composition of only one or both parents." The finding may be a step toward understanding why the females of many mammalian species outlive their male counterparts, livescience reposting orig from ScienceNOW (09dec)
  • Experts map the body's bacteria There are an estimated 100 trillion microbes living on or inside the human body. They are thought to play a key role in many physiological functions, including the development of the immune system, digestion of key foods and helping to deter potentially disease-causing pathogens. (09nov BBC)
  • Moon water findings are a game-changer Discovery calls into question 40 years of assumptions about lunar surface The discovery of widespread but small amounts water on the surface of the moon, announced Wednesday, stands as one of the most surprising findings in planetary science.(Thurs., Sept . 24, 2009) (MSNBC) and There's Water on the Moon, Probes Confirm ...a trio of satellites (two fromNASA one from India)..picked up the light signature of water (H2O) or hydroxyl (OH) or both while mapping the moon. (sept 24 '09)
  • Using Google PAgeRank to study ecology/extinctions (09Sep)
  • Each of us has at least 100 new mutations in our DNA, according to research published in the journal Current Biology. Scientists have been trying to get an accurate estimate of the mutation rate for over 70 years...."they were able to..estimate of between 100 and 200 new mutations per person"...New mutations can occasionally lead to severe diseases like cancer. It is hoped that the findings may lead to new ways to reduce mutations and provide insights into human evolution......"New mutations are the source of inherited variation, some of which can lead to disease and dysfunction, and some of which determine the nature and pace of evolutionary change.(09 sep)
  • A step closer to 'synthetic life' scientists have created a new "engineered" strain of bacteria. A team successfully transferred the genome of one type of bacteria into a yeast cell, modified it, and then transplanted into another bacterium. ..(09 aug)
  • A study published Wednesday found that rapamycin, a drug used in organ transplants, increased the life span of mice by 9% to 14%, the first definitive case in which a chemical has been shown to extend the life span of normal mammals. Anti-aging researchers also expect a second study, to be released this week, will show that sharply cutting the calorie intake of monkeys extends their lives substantially. The experiment is said to be the first technique shown to retard aging in primates. Researchers have known since the 1930s that eating 30% fewer calories than normal lengthens the life span of mice. Half the monkeys were given a normal diet, and half had their food intake cut back by 30% at roughly age 10.
  • Tests raise life extension hopes (keyword: longevity life-span) When US scientists treated old mice with rapamycin it extended their expected lifespan by [28% to] 38%. The findings [were]published in the journal Nature Researchers at three centres in Texas, Michigan and Maine gave the drug to mice at an age equivalent to 60 in humans.
    "It is especially interesting that the drug was effective even when given to older mice, as it would be much better to treat ageing in older people rather than using drugs long-term through life." However, she added: "In no way should anyone consider using this particular drug to try to extend their own lifespan, as rapamycin suppresses immunity. "While the lab mice were protected from infection, that's simply impossible in the human population. "What the study does is to highlight an important molecular pathway that new, more specific drugs might be designed to work on. [she then says maybe increasing quality is more important than incraesnig quantity of life...I say: when this is one of the only criticism toerh researchers have, it's a good sign..!
  • Tool-making Chimpanzees learn from video demo 09jul
  • Climate change is shrinking sheep [keywords: evolution and global awrming]. "The island is almost like a natural laboratory - there are only the sheep and the vegetation there," he said. ...hey found that the local environment had a stronger effect on the animals than the evolutionary pressure to grow larger. "In the past, only the big, healthy sheep and large lambs that had piled on weight in their first summer could survive the harsh winters on Hirta," said Professor Coulson. Because of climate change, he explained, grass for food is now available for more months of the year on the island. (09 jul)
  • "This is the first unambiguous and definitive proof that using a tool modifies the representation of our body; previous studies suggested this but never proved it directly," 09 june
  • Scientists are developing a simple blood test to measure how fast the body's tissues are ageing at a molecular level. 09 june 2009 (keywords age, aging, longevity, lifespan) "Although we don't know whether this test is a good reflection of cellular age in all types of human tissues, we believe it is a first step toward a better understanding of issues like the suitability of organs for transplantation, how well patients are likely to recover after surgery or the future toxicity of chemotherapy for cancer patients."
  • Alzheimer's protein 'contagious' Scientists have shown a rogue protein thought to cause Alzheimer's can spread through the brain, turning healthy tissue bad. They believe the tau protein may share characteristics with the prion proteins which cause vCJD. Another type of rogue protein - the prions - which cause diseases such as vCJD, are thought to be able to twist themselves into a shape which gives them the ability to "infect" nearby healthy tissue. But until now it had not been thought that tau proteins had the same contagious property. ["There is no evidence that diseases like Alzheimer's disease and ] -- note: "there is no evidence" is acutally weaker than the "known to be impossible given our understanding of how these things work" one might have hoped to hear here instead! (09 june)
  • Scientists have "entangled" the motions of pairs of atoms for the first time. The delicate effect has until now been limited to the internal properties of tiny systems - thereal connections such as the polarisations of a pair of light packets called photons, or the spins of electrons in atoms. In 2005, clouds of eight atoms were shown to be completely entangled by a group at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Austria (IQOQI)....Mr Jost and his colleagues developed a means to entangle the actual motions of two pairs of atoms: a more tangible and visual property of a system than electron spins and photon polarisations. (09 June)
  • Gorillas clap hands to communication "gorilla mums keep family in check" header, probably due to proximity to nationalmothersdayholiday (09 may)
  • Scientists have found more evidence that the Indonesian "Hobbit" skeletons belong to a new species of human - and not modern pygmies. 09 May

  • Something I've talked about for YEARS: household objects that are not so hard so you dont' hurt yourself, your toes, etc, if /when you stumble or walk into them... NOW: "Futuristic Japanese Cards" 1:27min video online talked about the Puyo covered with soft silicon to minimize damage to pedestrians in case of crash. (4/24/09)
  • Simulated brain closer to thought A detailed simulation of a small region of a brain built molecule by molecule has been constructed and has recreated experimental results from real brains.
    (criticism: when they say "Such an approach would allow researchers to simulate, on the level of an individual, how they will respond to a given drug or treatment" when a lot of evidence suggests deeper knowledge of other parts of the (general) human body (on top of political issues affecting what gets passed as 'safe' and 'effective') are more relevant and helpful compared with just adding individual-based info)
    [keywords: cryonics related / life extension some day? probably no time soon but one can hope for progress] (09 Apr) "Imagine you could follow in one of the most advanced Pentium chips today what each and every transistor is doing right now..Then I ask, 'What is happening? Is Word running? Are you doing a Google search?' You couldn't answer. Looking at this level you cannot figure it out. "This is very interesting research and I'm not criticising it, but it doesn't help us in computer science in having the intelligent behaviour of humans replicated." Professor Markram believes that by building up from one neocortical column to the entire neocortex, the ethereal "emergent properties" that characterise human thought will, step by step, make themselves apparent.
  • Complex molecules seen in space Large carbon-rich molecules of many different types have been seen in this cloud in the past, including alcohols, aldehydes, and acids. The two new molecules - ethyl formate and n-propyl cyanide - were found in a hot, dense cloud of gas which contains a luminous newly formed star. They represent two different classes of molecule: the esters and alkyl cyanides. (09 apr)
  • Battery that 'charges in seconds' I hope they are right ..they say "within 2 to 3 years" (keywords: future prediction predict) that is by 2011-2012... (09mar)
  • A male chimpanzee in a Swedish zoo planned hundreds of stone-throwing attacks on zoo visitors, according to researchers. Planning behaviour like that of the current work is connected to so-called autonoetic consciousness, where information due to memory can be distinguished from that from the senses. "I'm personally convinced that at least chimps do plan for future needs, that they do have this autonoetic consciousness," Dr Osvath said. (09 mar)
  • A simple sugar that is an ingredient of life has been found for the first time in a relatively hospitable part of the galaxy. As molecules go, glycolaldehyde is not an impressive one, but its link to the origins of life make it significant..Glycolaldehyde was first discovered toward the galactic centre in 2000. But the extreme conditions there made it unclear if the molecule could form in the rest of the galaxy...[answer was: yes]
  • IBM to build brain-like computers "The issue with neural networks and artificial intelligence is that they seek to engineer limited cognitive functionalities one at a time. They start with an objective and devise an algorithm to achieve it," Prof Modha says. "We are attempting a 180 degree shift in perspective: seeking an algorithm first, problems second. We are investigating core micro- and macro-circuits of the brain that can be used for a wide variety of functionalities."
  • A bug which lives entirely on its own and survives without oxygen in complete darkness underground has been discovered in South Africa. Desulforudis audaxviator, or bold traveller as it is known in English, relies on water, hydrogen and sulphate for its energy. Because it gets by without oxygen, it could offer clues as to whether life exists on other planets. (08 oct 13) The find represents the first known ecosystem with a single biological species, scientists say. (what about one single plant? no sincle splant species at all, apprently, is an whole ecosystem)
  • Hugging benefits fractious chimps
  • Magpie 'can recognise reflection' Magpies can recognise themselves in a mirror, scientists have found - the first time self-recognition has been observed in a non-mammal. Until relatively recently, humans were thought to be uniquely self-aware. Scientists now know that most chimpanzees and orangutans can recognise their own reflections. (keywords: AR)
  • 'Asbestos warning' on nanotubes
  • [[young]] Chimps beat [[adult]] humans in memory test (07 dec)
  • Skin transformed into stem cells and 'This is a very exciting advance' 07 nov
  • Scientists say they may be on the brink of translating the thoughts of a man who can no longer speak into words after a pioneering experiment.Electrodes have been implanted in the brain of Eric Ramsay, who has been "locked in" - conscious but paralysed - since a car crash eight years ago. These have been recording pulses in the areas of the brain involved in speech There is a huge difference between a technique like this, which is able to pick up signals the subject wants to be picked up, and being able to delve deep into the mind," (07 nov)
  • A genetically modified "supermouse" which can run twice as far as a normal rodent has been created by scientists working in the US. It also lives longer, and breeds later in life compared with its standard laboratory cousin. .."..These animals are rather aggressive, we've noticed." (07 nov)
  • Optimism 'no bearing on cancer' 07 oct
  • A rapid technique for isolating DNA in hair has yielded a mass of new information about woolly mammoths. An international research team says the process should work on other extinct animals, allowing their genetics to be studied in detail for the first time. 07 sep
  • Cleverest crows opt for two tools (AR vegan animal rights = keywords) 07 aug
  • Mouse Brain (or half of it) on a super computer simulation 2007 apr
  • The extinction of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago had little effect on the evolution of mammals, according to a study in the journal Nature. 07 mar
  • Research in Brazil has produced fresh evidence that primates may have something approaching human "culture". Monkeys' stone percussion studied (Keywords: AR, animal rights, animal culture) -- The researcher says the animals appear to be learning this skill from each other (07 march)
  • A German research project on show at hi-tech trade fair Cebit envisions a peer-to-peer network for vehicles on a road passing data back and forth. Cars or bikes experiencing problems would pass data that would ripple down the chain of vehicles behind them. 07 mar
  • biased reporting at end and "deficiency" nonsense, but Early man 'couldn't stomach milk' 07 feb
  • Chimps Hunt Using Spears (see also www/men/ )
  • The sensitivity of the human sense of smell has been significantly underestimated, a study suggests. 06 dec
  • Experiments on animals 'of limited value' 06 dec
  • Humans show big DNA differences Scientists have shown that the genetic make-up of humans can vary hugely - far more than was previously thought (06 nov)
  • ?Self Awareness in elephants (06 oct 31)
  • Schizophrenia term use 'invalid' he term schizophrenia should be abolished, experts have said. They claim the category falsely groups a wide range of symptoms and encourages over-reliance on anti-psychotic drugs rather than psychological intervention. 06 oct
  • "It is one step further because for the first time it involves teleportation between light and matter, two different objects. One is the carrier of information and the other one is the storage medium," The experiment involved for the first time a macroscopic atomic object containing thousands of billions of atoms..."Our method allows teleportation to be taken over longer distances because it involves light as the carrier of entanglement," he added...."Teleportation between two single atoms had been done two years ago by two teams but this was done at a distance of a fraction of a millimeter,"...["It is really about teleporting information from one site to another site. Quantum information is different from classical information in the sense that it cannot be measured. It has much higher information capacity and it cannot be eavesdropped on. The transmission of quantum information can be made unconditionally secure,"]Creating entanglement is a very important step but there are two more steps at least to perform teleportation. We have succeeded in making all three steps--hat is entanglement, quantum -- --measurement and quantum feedback,"
  • Earth-like planets may be common -- Earth-like planets orbiting other stars may be far more common than had once been thought, a study suggests. (rhymes with "the earth recolves around the sun (not the other way around) and my noting while in High School that it seems (something..'present'?)-centric to be 100% sure that quarks are "the end" (sure enough, superstrings etc). We now think there is a new class of ocean-covered - and possibly habitable - planets in solar systems unlike our own," said Dr Raymond (06 sept)
  • We have shown for the first time you can create human embryonic stem cells without destroying the embryo and thus without destroying its potential for life." 06 aug
  • Scientists have cracked the structure of an essential part of an enzyme believed to play a key role in the development of many cancers. The University of Colorado team hopes their work will help explain how the enzyme, telomerase, acts to make cancer cells "immortal".
  • Mouse sheds light on regeneration
  • linux laptop for under $100 plus hand-crank
  • Dummy drugs 'can relieve anxiety'
  • "Not long left for cassette tapes"
  • Female bottlenose dolphins are taught by their mothers to use marine sponges to look for food, according to a study. The finding represents the first case of material culture observed in a marine mammal species. 05 june
  • Scientists find key "sleep gene" related to how much sleep one can get by on 05 apr bbc
  • Great Ape Trust of Iowa The bonobos will be able to cook in their own kitchen, tap vending machines for snacks, go for walks in the woods and communicate with researchers through computer touchscreens
  • Mice put in 'suspended animation' note also "Cancer cells are not dependent on oxygen to grow, says Dr Roth, so they are more resistant to radiotherapy... "Right now in most forms of cancer treatment we're killing off the normal cells long before we're killing off the tumour cells. By inducing metabolic hibernation in healthy tissue, we'd at least level the playing field," he explained." (bbc 05 apr)
  • Brain chip reads man's thoughts.. paralysed man in the US has become the first person to benefit from a brain chip that reads his mind. Matthew Nagle, 25..Mr Nagle has also been able to use thought to move a prosthetic hand and robotic arm to grab sweets from one person's hand and place them into another 05 mar
  • Pill 'could lead to longer lives' for once this does NOT sound like TOTAL bs....................(keword longevity, life) 05 mar
  • Chimps have 'sense of fair play' (A similar finding has been reported in capuchin monkeys, suggesting that a sense of fairness may have a long evolutionary history in primates.) 05 jan
  • almost-a-cell "artificial life a step closer" 04 dec
  • New' giant ape found in DR Congo Scientists believe they have discovered a new group of giant apes in the jungles of central Africa.(The new ape has some gorilla characteristics) 04 Oct
  • "Photosynthesis puzzle" solved BBC 03 oct
  • Church Organ Music religious reeligns from low-Mhz infra-sound? 03 sep
  • Fish "[much] more intelligent" than thought claim scientists BBC 03 sep
  • "clue to elixir of life" -- resveratrol etc 03 Aug
  • sex hormones related to memory, fear, other emotions BBC 03 aug
  • Ebola breakthrough: 1st vaccine that works in primates BBC 03 aug
  • solar/fiber optic alternative to laser surgery, much cheaper New Scientist Jul 03
  • "Rat-brained robot does distant art" BBC 03 Jul
  • Wheelchair by Brainpowre being developed bbc 03 jul
  • fake alcohol can make you tipsy (psychology) BBC July 03
  • Robot learns to evolve and reproduce BBC 8/30/00
  • Nerve Cell Chip developed bbc 03 mar
  • artificial liver created bbc mar 03
  • universe will EXPAND FOREVER says NASA, Feb 03
  • Robot eyes and faster optic fibers? studies of the brittlestar bbc dec 02
  • robot insect tech: wind tunnel study of butterflies bbc dec 02
  • embryionic molecular memory bbc dec 02
  • turning fish into vegetarians? I predicted this would happen in 100-1000 years, for e.g. lions..but for fish. ALREADY?*********************
  • nobel winner's bid to make sicence for public interest, not private profit oct 02
  • BBC OCt 02 ">
  • It is very likely the MBD4 is a key defence against self-inflicted gene damage in humans (BBC Jul 02)
  • Time backwards for small objects/1/10 of sec ramifications 4 nanotech (BBC Jul 02)
  • innovation boosts transplant surgery BBC may 02
  • Cerebionics "RatBots" (inhumane terms..) controled remotely May 1, 02
  • skin cells (NOTstemcells) turned into nerve/immune cells May 1, 02
  • Move over big bang: universe in an endless cycle? (Apr 02)
  • "The Grid" a WWW for academic supercomputing/sharing? (Apr 02)
  • Nitric Oxide etc scienfic understanding of erections
  • monkey's thoughts used to control a computer BBC mar 02
  • more-realistic-physics in games THIS IDEA OF USING BASIC LAWS IS ONE I HAD BACK IN HIGH SCHOOL.
  • Forces vis a vis paper crumbling (BBC Feb 02)
  • Cloned/LabGrown kidneys for cows (Feb 02)
  • Human Embyio cloned Nov 01
  • Sheep have emotions and could be capable of consciousness, say British scientists.
  • Baboons' intelligence is higher than we thought (BBC, Oct 01)
  • Octopus arms do the thinking
  • Universe could collapse into a JELLY chance: 1 in (13M)^2.
  • Internet-Pen Sept 01
  • "rise of the humanoids" (humanoid robots...) Sept 01
  • iris bio-mestric regonitoin Aug 2001
  • At least PART of Chess Grandmasters' skill is MEMORY Aug 2001
  • a powder that can be used to remove clouds from the sky and even stop the development of hurricanes.
  • cancer drug raises hopes for cure (more than 5 years away)
  • Safer ways for cancer-treatments discovered: WHICH healhty cells are attacked by cancer treatments (Jul 01)
  • Artemis is the most advanced telecommunications satellite yet developed by the European Space Agency (Esa) and its partners. It will act as a demonstrator for new technologies. (Jul 01)
  • Frming's roots pushed back to 13K yrs ago, 1-2K earlier (Jul 01)
  • Eggs Fertilized without sperm (using "somatic " cells) (Jul 01)
  • # of human genes old revision from 100K to 35K now suggested to be 65K
  • SIV (AIDS-like) vaccine works for cats (Jun 01)
  • Viruses that can be used to destroy E-coli et bacteria
  • End of Skin grafts? Hair follicles turned into skin (Jun 01)
  • Robot moved by mini fish brain (VIDEO) (Jun 01)
  • Gentle shaking can kill babies, too. Legal ramifications for defence lawyers
  • Micro-bots hunt down disease jun 01
  • Flourescent light used to carry data (June 01)
  • Sci Evidence that humans played role in Austr. & NorthAm large extinctions of lg mammals
  • Science world in revolt at power of the journal owners (keyword: library)(Mauy 01)
  • Anti-cancer drug from plants?
  • Improved Gene therapy (repairing, rather than replacing genes)(May 01)
  • super stem cells from adult mice bone marrow (May 01)
  • <~/corr.oct94.IIA HREF="http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/health/newsid_1312000/1312340.stm">Discovery: how antibiotics disrupt cells. "the MRC team has uncovered the detailed process by which the ribosome builds proteins from component parts called amino acids"
  • Genetically altered babies born
  • Tracktor beam which can rotate microscopic objects w/laser helices (may 01)
  • Stem cells grown from dead bodies
  • Anti-ageing breakthrough--PARP-1 (May 01)
  • Artificial lung breakthrough (Apr 01)
  • highly unlikely that HIV was spread by contaminated polio vaccine.
  • E-paper moves a step nearer
  • Hypersonic jet prepares for test flight
  • "dried cells revived (?)"
  • Spinal injury reversed in the lab [partially reversed -Hb]
  • robotic insects as spies
  • super-laser used to push fusion-power forward (not exactly a decentralized power source for the masses to have in each home)
  • 'Smaller, faster' computers possible.
  • proof for bacteria life in mars' past?
  • muscular dystrophy corrected genetically in mice
  • Human brain cells grown inside mice brains (Austrilian ABC, FEb 01)
  • Adult skin cells turned into stem, then into heart cells (in sheep, BBC, Feb 01)
  • Scientists develop artificial "skin" (for rockets etc..maybe for organs..self repairing) Feb 01
  • Discovery to help fight the flu
  • some "breakthroughs" for electric car enegines
  • Planet earch could be moved when sun expands, to avoid death of life.."alarmly simple" method.
  • "proto-cells" created from UV-zapped molecules to simulate inter-stellar compounds which could jump-start life on a planet
  • rice genome decoded Jan 01 BBC
  • morphing robots planned at Dartmouth
  • songbird shows 1 specides-->2 evolution
  • Light slowed down to a stop; quantumcomputing appl
  • BIO-TERROISM scientific discovery move us TOWARDS bio-terrorism
  • plans to turn soldiers into supermen by fitting them with powered exoskeletons.
  • Modifiedc Monkey poses (ethical) questions a GM monkey..
  • 2001: Odysseus bound ESSAY
  • asteroid misses earth by a whisker
  • Altered flies live twice as long
  • Foetal cell success for Huntington's (haven't read this one yet)(is photo accurate??)
  • Vaccine protects monkeys from Ebola
  • Fish-brained robot
  • Nanocopters BBC, 11/23/00 and 'Bug-driven robots' to administer drugs
  • How it works: Wave power station BBC NOVEMBER 2000
  • nanotubes: key step towards industrial use
  • Life molecule's chemical origins -- "TNA" created, similar ot RNA
  • Monkey brain operates machine
  • nanotubes ##################################################################

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